The continuing rise of lifestyle-related diseases and chronic disorders means that we need to take a fresh look at health and healthcare, and to remember that prevention is better than cure. Life expectancy at birth is the average number of years that would be lived by babies born in a given time period if mortality levels at each age remain constant. Similarly, life expectancy at age 65 is the average number of remaining years of life that a man or woman aged 65 will have if mortality levels at each age over 65 remain constant.
Avoid passive smoking. Second-hand smoking (breathing in air from smokers) causes many of the same long-term diseases as direct smoking ( Wiki ). Did you know? According to the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), there is no risk-free level of passive smoking; even brief exposure can be harmful to health.Â Get away from smokers and avoid cigarette smoke where you can.
Obesity-related co-morbid health conditions are the second leading cause of preventable death, following tobacco use. One-third of children and adolescents in the United States are overweight or obese, and the dramatic rise in the prevalence of pediatric obesity has been predicted to lead to a decline in overall life expectancy. Obese children are at high risk for dyslipidemia, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Obese children are also more likely to suffer from obesity as adults. Given the large number of children who are overweight or obese, there is an overwhelming need for effective treatment for overweight and obese children.
A healthier lifestyle means being less at risk of developing illnesses, which start to affect us as we grow older. Maintain a healthy weight. Determine whether you are overweight by checking your body mass index. If you are overweight, it can lead to a higher risk of chronic disease such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke and certain cancers.
Quitting smoking at any age will reduce your risk of heart disease, stroke, cancer, chronic bronchitis and several other health conditions related to smoking. QUIT suggest numerous strategies – from electing a â€˜quit date’ to replacement therapies and online coaching – that have helped Victorian smokers toÂ give up. Call the Quitline on 13 7848 for help and advice; they also offer a free personalised online coachingÂ and text messaging serviceÂ to help you keep on track.